Gold coins

Stack of coins

Cost is one of the most common and critical of the project management constraints. It is one of the key triple constraints. Many of the formulas project managers use to track the status of the project measure the cost of the project so far and the cost expected to complete the project.

Related: budget, control costs, earned value

The Unified Project Management Methodology (UPMM™) identifies the following templates for cost[1]


  1. Unified Project Management Methodology (UPMM™) a trademark of the International Institute for Learning Inc. © 2003-2012 by the International Institute for Learning, Inc. all rights reserved as reported in Kerzner, Harold. Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling, and Controlling, 11th Edition.