A Project Management Office is a repository for project management information. It is commonly abbreviated and referred to as the PMO. PMO can also be spelled out as Program Management Office or Portfolio Management Office. It exists to provide data and information to assist projects. Sometimes it is also an organizational unit where project managers and other human resources report.
While the scope of a PMO will vary, it usually holds historical data about past projects. This data can be used to guide estimates for items such as time to complete an activity. A PMO may also maintain templates or corporate standards for project management. Project management training and continuing education may be organized by the PMO. A company may have more than one PMO.
In some organizations, the project management staff reports to the PMO. Project managers may be hired through the PMO and assigned out to projects. Other staff that can support projects with templates, scheduling or budgeting skills, and other abilities that are needed during the course of most projects may also be made available through the PMO.
One way that a project management office provides value to a company is by making the organizational process assets more accessible to projects. These assets can include items like lessons learned, historical data, document templates, and corporate standards around project management.
- project management office article on Wikipedia
- "Why You Need a Project Management Office (PMO)" by Megan Santosus in CIO, Jul 1, 2003.
- "What Does a PMO Do?" by Ten Six Consulting, July 26, 2013.
- Duggal, J. S. (2009). In the pursuit of the elusive: showing PMO value! Paper presented at PMI® Global Congress 2009—Asia Pacific, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Newtown Square, PA: Project Management Institute.