SWOT en cc-Wikipedia

SWOT Analysis Matrix

A SWOT analysis is one of the techniques that PMI recommends as part of the identify risks process (section in the PMBOK 5th edition). SWOT stands for the 4 different types of risk to consider: strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.

See the risk and risk register articles for lists of potential risks to consider and types of responses. See the SWOT article for more about this framework.

Positive Negative
Internal Strengths Weaknesses
External Opportunities Threats

This framework helps identify risks. And by classifying the type of risk, it also informs the types of responses in the later process to plan risk responses. For instance, a project might mitigate an internal weakness by training. While other techniques are probably more appropriate for exploiting an internal strength.

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